The History of Christchurch, New Zealand

Christchurch is a city in the province of Canterbury in the South Island of New Zealand that is frequently referred to as probably the most English city outside of England. It is also referred to as the Garden City as it features so many striking gardens. The city region carries a population of just under 400 000, making it the second largest city in New Zealand after Auckland. The Avon River flows through the centre of the city with many different parks located alongside its banks with Hagley Park being a main feature of the city. In the middle of Christchurch is Cathedral Square having the landmark Anglican church which happens to be currently being repaired because of earthquake deterioration.

The farming and agricultural market is the economic heart of Christchurch and the majority of the original business there was designed to support that. Travel and leisure has become another sizeable element for the local economic system, with the city promoting itself as a gateway to the South Island with its magnificent scenery, snow skiing and also adventure tourism. It is also the portal to the Antarctic, with the city developing a long history of assistance in Antarctic research. It has an International Antarctic Centre which offers both base amenities and a museum with a visitors center. The United States Navy utilizes Christchurch Airport as being the entry point for the principal supply route to its McMurdo as well as Scott Bases that are in Antarctica.

You can find some information that individuals first moved in the Christchurch location in about 1250. Settlement took off at the start of 1840 after the acquisition of property in what is currently Riccarton by the Weller brothers as well as a number of European settlers encouraged by Herriott and McGillivray established themselves in what is now Christchurch, at the beginning of 1840. The Canterbury Association organized The First Four Ships to convey 792 of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton Harbour. The ships were called were the Randolph, Charlotte Jane, Sir George Seymour, and Cressy. The Charlotte Jane arrived first upon 16 December 1850. The Canterbury Pilgrims planned to establish a city around a cathedral based on the model of Christ Church in Oxford, England, hence the name of Christchurch.

A variety of significant events have molded Christchurch. Back in 1947, a fire occurred at Ballantyne's Department Store within the central area with 41 people were killed in a blaze which ruined a group of properties. It is still New Zealand's worst fire tragedy. In between September 2010 and January 2012 Christchurch had a series of serious earthquakes with the worst being on Tuesday 22 February 2011 with 185 people were killed and thousands of structures collapsing or enduring serious damage. Following the earthquakes in excess of 1500 buildings in the city have been demolished, resulting in a still continuing recovery and rebuilding challenge. The city did experience some immediate growth following the recovery started. On 15 March 2019, 51 individuals were killed during two terrorist attacks in the Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Islamic Centre by a white supremacist who had entered NZ from Australia. The terrorist violence were described by the leader of New Zealand, Jacinda Ardern as "One of New Zealand's darkest days".


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