Underneath the bottom of the heel of the foot is a fat pad which by natural means cushions the body and helps to protect us while we walk as well as run. When walking or running, there exists a stress equal to about more than two times bodyweight on the calcaneus during heel strike, therefore it ought to be no surprise that all of us need to have that fat pad. This load is actually greater whenever running. Without having that fat pad there would be very poor shock reduction which can result in a number of problems due to this inadequate cushioning. The most frequent is just discomfort under the calcaneus. This is not a typical source of heel discomfort, but is an important cause as it could regularly be wrongly identified as plantar fasciitis or other causes. Often it is straightforward to diagnose because there is basically no cushioning beneath the heel bone and you can very easily feel the calcaneus.
Reasons for Fat Pad Atrophy:
The causes aren't totally apparent. The fat pad really does atrophy as we age naturally and in many it just wastes far more quicker. Many people just apparently acquire this and others usually do not. It is really not linked to body mass problems. It can happen in a few arthritis type disorders and runners due to the years of thumping on the heel bone can be at a higher risk with this. People that have a higher mid-foot (arch) foot (pes cavus) will also get a displacement with the fat pad which commonly give a similar issue like the atrophy.
Treatments for Fat Pad Atrophy:
The only method to treat fat pad atrophy is to replace the fat or alternative to the fat. This can be introduced in surgically or even a shock reduction heel pad inside the shoes used featuring a similar nature like the missing fat pad. Shock absorbing footwear can also be used without or with additional padding. Surgically this may be an injection with fillers or an autograft making use of your very own fat cells from other body parts.